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'''Jeremy Bentham''' (; 15 February 1748 [O.S. 4 February 1747][ W. Johnson, "Ancestry of Jeremy Bentham" (2012).] – 6 June 1832) was an English philosopher, jurist, and social reformer. He is regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism. Bentham defined as the "fundamental axiom" of his philosophy the principle that "it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong". He became a leading theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law, and a political radical whose ideas influenced the development of welfarism. He advocated individual freedom|individual and economic freedom, the separation of church and state, freedom of expression, equal rights for women,...
Region| era = 18th century philosophy
19th century philosophy
Birth date{{birth date|df=yes|1748|02|15}}
Birth placeLondon, England
Death date{{Death date and age|df=yes|1832|06|06|1748|02|15}}
Death placeLondon, England
Alma materThe Queen's College, Oxford (BA 1763; MA 1766)
School traditionUtilitarianism, legal positivism, liberalism
Main interestsPolitical philosophy, philosophy of law, ethics, economics
InfluencesProtagoras{{·}} Epicurus{{·}} John Locke{{·}} David Hume{{·}} Baron de Montesquieu|Montesquieu{{·}} Claude Adrien Helvétius|Helvétius{{·}} Thomas Hobbes|Hobbes{{·}} Cesare Beccaria|Beccaria{{·}}Adam Smith
InfluencedJohn Stuart Mill{{·}} Henry Sidgwick{{·}} Michel Foucault{{·}} Peter Singer{{·}} John Austin (legal philosophy)|John Austin{{·}} Robert Owen{{·}} David Pearce (philosopher)|David Pearce {{·}} H. L. A. Hart {{·}} Iain King {{·}} Francis Y. Edgeworth
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